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Research Activities > Team Research Projects > Formation and Changes of Correspondence-Texts as Seen in the Principle of 'As If'-Transpositions: The Term Monjo, Its Styles, Signs, Representations, and Intentions

Research Funds Misuse and Research Misconduct Measures

Team Research ProjectsFY 2018

Formation and Changes of Correspondence-Texts as Seen in the Principle of 'As If'-Transpositions: The Term Monjo, Its Styles, Signs, Representations, and Intentions

Category
Foundational

Our team aims to examine the meaning of the term monjo (lit., “texts and notes,” often trans- lated as documents). Besides the term itself, the content and gestalt of these texts transmit meaning, signs, and mentalities in media- specific ways as reflected in primary artefacts as well as in essays, literature, copies, ency- clopaedias, records, paragons school booklets, drawings and pictures, and rituals. The study group will try to apply the “as if”—or “trans- position”—principle to an interdisciplinary semiotic precis of these specifics in “texts and notes” written or read in Japanese, deriving from the China-Korea Sino-logographic com- munication sphere. The description by some scholars of monjo as “addressed correspond- ence,” suggests a fruitful perspective. My col- leagues and I will compare texts functioning as or styled in the manner of correspondence and handed down to us in European and Asian cultures in order to find comparable commu- nicative ground on which to examine etiquette and mentalities, media, and communication developed over the past five thousand years. The principles of information and mutual un- derstanding are also part of our concern. From the standpoint of the theory of knowledge or phenomenology, the mutual relativity of Self and the Other is to be an object of observation. The literature of written correspondence thus associates problems of intention (reading and misreading) and behaviour. We will also tran- scend the boundaries between natural and so- cial science on the one hand and cultural stud- ies on the other. Cooperation among philology, philosophy, informatics, behavioural studies, and other fields of interest appears to be fun- damental to our understanding of mentalities of communication. Finally, we hope to expand our awareness to differences and similarities in the behaviour of humankind and other animals, learning and culture, acts of mutual mind read- ing, the term of freedom, and other important issues that are mirrored in our source materi- als.

Research Representative Markus RÜTTERMANN 国際日本文化研究センター・教授
Team Researcher 荒木 浩 国際日本文化研究センター・教授
榎本 渉 国際日本文化研究センター・准教授
磯前 順一 国際日本文化研究センター・教授
廣田 浩治 静岡市文化振興財団・学芸課係長
梶谷 真司 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科・教授
金 泰虎 甲南大学国際言語文化センター・教授
小島 道裕 国立歴史民俗博物館・教授
宮原 一成 山口大学人文学部・教授
森 洋久 東京大学総合研究博物館・准教授
小口 雅史 法政大学大学院人文科学研究科・教授
岡崎 敦 九州大学大学院人文科学研究院・教授
高橋 一樹 武蔵大学人文学部・教授
Christian Wittern 京都大学人文科学研究所・教授
Team Researcher Overseas Michael KINSKI フランクフルト大学言語学・文化科学学科・教授